Earl Anthony Wayne

Earl Anthony Wayne is currently teaching as a Distinguished Diplomat in Residence at American University's School of International Service.  He is a Public Policy Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars and Co-Chair of the Advisory Board of its Mexico Institute.  Wayne is a former Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs, a former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and to Argentina and a former Deputy Ambassador in Afghanistan.  He left the U.S. diplomatic corps with the rank of Career Ambassador.  Wayne is also a Senior Non-Resident Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and at the Atlantic Council.  He serves on the Board of the American Academy of Diplomacy.  Wayne speaks, writes and consults on a range of international and management topics.

2022 Articles

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Are Mexico’s Energy Policies Breaking USMCA Rules?

Earl Anthony Wayne, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and co-chair of the Mexico Institute Advisory Board at the Wilson Center: The U.S. and Canadian requests for consultations over Mexican practices related to energy are a major test for the USMCA’s dispute settlement procedures. The outcomes will send strong signals about how the three countries can manage sensitive problems and about Mexico’s investment environment. When the USMCA turned two years old on July 1, U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade had surpassed pre-pandemic levels and provided most of Mexico’s economic growth. It is positive that the U.S. and Canada are seeking to use the USMCA’s provisions for consultations and, if not successful, for a dispute resolution panel of independent experts to draw conclusions as to whether Mexico is violating the agreement. Cases like this are why the USMCA has stronger dispute resolution processes than NAFTA. Mexico and Canada already have an active complaint against the United States, disagreeing over rules of origin for vehicles. The United States has filed a second complaint against Canada over dairy practices. This energy case touches an estimated $20 billion plus in investments. U.S. officials have raised concerns seeking solutions for many months. How Mexico responds will be key. The Economy Ministry says it looks forward to pursuing consultations, but the Mexican president has responded with nationalist rhetoric, reflecting his priority on a strong state role in energy. Negotiated solutions are possible, but as the process proceeds, the United States, Canada and others will watch carefully to see if Mexico is willing to adjust to meet the commitments to which it agreed in the USMCA. That will send strong signals to potential investors, the U.S. Congress and other key players.

It’s Time to Block Taliban Leaders’ Trips Abroad

Since coming to power in Afghanistan last year, the Taliban has increasingly reverted to form on almost every level. The killing of al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in a Kabul safe house on Sunday, July 31, only underscores the group’s continued close ties with the Taliban, particularly the Haqqani network. Taliban leaders are also steadily reimposing the world’s most extreme restrictions by far on women and girls, returning to their old practices of “disappearing” women by closing off their e

An acid test for the US-Mexico-Canada trade agreement

The request by the United States, followed by Canada, for consultations regarding Mexican laws, policies and practices related to its energy sector is a major test for the dispute settlement procedures of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). Though the U.S. and Canadian complaints are directed toward Mexico’s energy policies and treatment of private investors, the outcomes of the dispute will be crucial for the credibility of the agreement itself. The USMCA governs the massive tra

It's time to block Taliban leaders' trips abroad

Since coming to power last year, the Taliban has increasingly reverted to form on almost every level. The killing of al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in a Kabul safe house on July 31 only underscores the group’s continued close ties with the Taliban, particularly the Haqqani network. They are also steadily reimposing the world’s most extreme restrictions by far on women and girls, returning to their old practices of “disappearing” women by closing off their education, restricting their travel,

A Pressing Agenda for AMLO and Biden

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico When U.S. President Joe Biden and Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) sit down together in Washington on Tuesday, July 12, they will face a tough set of challenges that defy easy solutions. Yet, the leaders can send clear signals of good intentions for their respective administration to work more closely together and produce better results on the most pressing issues in the months ahead. Top of the list is the need to

A tough agenda: Biden and AMLO to talk migration, crime, the economy

When Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador announced that he would not attend the Summit of the Americas hosted by the U.S. in June because Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua were not invited, AMLO (as he is known) quickly added that he would soon visit President Biden in Washington — and indeed, the two will meet on Tuesday. Their meeting underscores how vital good relations are for both countries, despite sometimes significant policy differences. Too much is at stake to not find ways to c

USMCA Turns Two, But Has it Worked?

Friday, July 1, will mark the second anniversary of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). The first two years look promising, but it is not yet clear if the outcomes will be sufficient to retain public and political support when the agreement is reviewed in 2025-26. Given the USMCA’s economic importance for jobs and business across the continent, we should be thinking through the best ways to judge the agreement’s success and to keep the public well informed. The trade pact was pas

USMCA at Two: How to measure North American success?

July 1st marks the second anniversary of the US-Mexico-Canada trade agreement (USMCA). The first two years look promising, but it is not yet clear if the outcomes will be sufficient to retain public and political support when the agreement is reviewed in 2025-26. Given USMCA’s economic importance for jobs and business across the continent, we should be thinking through the best ways to judge the agreement’s success and to keep the public well informed. The trade pact was passed with overwhelmin

Enhancing North American Competitiveness

This report was prepared by a "Diplomacy Lab" team from American University's School of International Service in the Spring semester of 2022. Here is the Executive Summary: To maintain and develop North America’s competitive economic position in the world, this report calls for the governments of the United States, Canada, and Mexico to take specific steps to enhance the integration of their economies and to improve trilateral policy coordination and deliberative processes. Such steps to enhance North American cooperation are increasingly important as the world is rethinking the economic globalization and the geo-strategic alignments that characterized much of the last 30 years. New economic blocks are forming in ways that can undermine the economic role and performance of the continent. The three North American countries need to apply lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, adjust the rapid and continuous development of technology, address climate change, and anticipate the effects of increased polarization and rivalry among and within nations, for example. Addressing these challenges reinforces the need for policy and practical collaboration across the North American continent as well as serious reflection and action in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. While each government will want to retain sovereignty, the three countries and their people will be much better off if their governments can deepen and enrich the cooperation among themselves. To protect North America’s economic dynamism and wellbeing, this team looked at the framework agreed upon at the 2021 North American Leaders Summit (NALS), talked with a range of experts, and read a wide selection of studies and policy pronouncements. Following that research, the team recommends that the following should be priorities from a USG perspective: Supply Chains  Developing stronger initiatives to understand and reinforce multiple resilient supply chains within North America in key areas such as semiconductors, critical minerals, batteries, electric vehicles, clean energy, and other sectors identified to be essential. While the governments have announced steps to coordinate in these areas, regular reports on progress and opportunities to evaluate work underway are needed. Critical Minerals  Agreeing on and implementing a North American critical minerals strategy that outlines mineral exploration, processing and refining; and standardizes permitting and regulations across North America.  Ensuring that stakeholders, environmental groups, indigenous people, and local communities are regularly involved in discussions and kept well informed with progress reports.  Increase research and development for clean mining technology, mineral waste recovery, and the forecasting of critical minerals of the future. Batteries and Electric Vehicles  Expanding recycling programs for batteries and other electronics with similar and compatible approaches across the three economies.  Engaging in a dialogue among North American governments to reach an agreement on a united approach, and an agreed upon definition, of the concept of a North American electric vehicle (EV). Then explaining this concept to key stakeholders and the public.  Upgrading EV charging infrastructure and agreeing to have similar consumer incentives across the three countries.  Creating new investment avenues for EV industry development, enhancing related research and development programs and cooperation, and creating agreed norms and standards across the region to facilitate development of the sector. Health  Establishing a trilateral North American Committee on Health and Pandemic Preparedness under the NALS framework, which would meet annually.  Building and maintaining a live database of medical supply chain maps, border health capacities, and of good manufacturing practices for use during normal functions and during demand surges.  Enhancing cooperation between the trilateral pharmaceutical and medical regulatory agencies through exchange programs as well as considering the establishment of a Mutual Recognition Agreement on finished pharmaceutical and biological products between the US and Canada and an expedited review process between the US and Mexico.  Assuring the private sector actors are well integrated into these efforts. Borders  Establishing a regular trilateral ministerial meeting, as well as reinforced bilateral processes, to address border issues. The border dialogues should include the private sector and sub-federal governments in policy deliberations.  Holding frequent bilateral meetings on border management to create dynamic dialogues that help solve existing problems, promote strong plans to modernize the border including implementing new technology, produce efficient and compatible regulations, and encourage well-coordinated decisions on infrastructure and related resource allocation issues important for well-functioning and “cutting edge” borders that enhance security and prosperity. Energy, Conservation and Climate Change  Exploring energy supply expansions by researching the best areas for solar and wind development and ways to support “green” energy investment.  Creating more integrated grids across borders by working with US, Mexican and Canadian authorities and cross border partners outside of government.  Establishing mechanisms to monitor and assure that climate-related goals in the 2021 NALS are achieved and establishing a process to build trilateral cooperation on additional areas to help all three countries meet Paris agreement targets.  Increasing data sharing, expanding cross border dialogue, and funding research into the effects of climate change, water insecurity and deforestation to meet and advance the goals set forth in the 2021 NALS. ICT and Cybersecurity  Developing specific programs to enhance internet connectivity across the continent with special focus on bolstering ICT systems in Mexico, all while working in close partnership with North America’s private sector.  Developing a robust trilateral process to address key cyber threats, including holding a trilateral Cyber Security meeting, as agreed. Intending to enhance cybersecurity across the continent and the interconnected production and commercial networks that are so important to our joint prosperity.  Building a close partnership with the private sector in cyber initiative implementation and encouraging help for Mexico to develop a cyber-infrastructure that supports the USMCA marketplace. While this report was prepared for the State Department, The research team realizes that the State Department cannot lead in many of these areas. Since State does have the lead on managing overall relations with Mexico and Canada, however, the team believes State should work with the NSC staff to assure attention to the overall progress of the NALS agenda. The research team knows that State and the embassies in Mexico and Canada can help push for progress where problems arise.

Is North America Worth the Investment?

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico First in a series from the Wilson Center* The three largest countries and economics of North America have been working for over 30 years to enhance mutual prosperity, security and well-being across the many issues that connect these three neighbors. Canada, Mexico and the United States have created, redesigned and reinvented a series of bilateral and trilateral mechanisms and processes to help manage their relationships and the important

Is North America Worth the Investment?

The three largest countries and economics of North America have been working for over thirty years to enhance mutual prosperity, security and well-being across the many issues that connect these three neighbors. Canada, Mexico, and the United States have created, redesigned, and reinvented a series of bilateral and trilateral mechanisms and processes to help manage their relationships and the important matters and challenges on their shared agendas as sovereign independent nations. It is fair to say that “North America,” however, is not a term or concept that has caught fire in any of the three countries. The significant value added of getting continental collaboration right on key issues is often overlooked. This essay is part of the series, "Strengthening North American Ties - A Must For Competitiveness," by the Wilson Center's Mexico and Canada Institutes.

Better US-Mexico Border Cooperation Urgently Needed

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. Ambassador to Mexico One of the most urgent challenges to U.S.-Mexico relations is reducing cross-border crime and the harm it is doing to Mexican and American communities. So states a new report released recently by former U.S. ambassadors to Mexico and Mexican ambassadors to the United States. The ambassadors all agreed that aligning policies and practices on public security should be one of the top four areas for action in the report ...

Unlocking the Potential of the USMCA

This report was done by a group of seniors at American University's School of International Service as part of the State Department's Diplomacy Laboratory program, working with guidance from retired Ambassador Wayne. The report analyzes the efficacy of the USMCA over its first two years of implementation, with a focus on six key areas: digital trade, labor, automotive rules of origin, agriculture, regulatory practices, and the environment. The authors of this report recognize that there are other areas of importance in the USMCA. However, the authors believe the six matters identified in this study are the highest priority for the U.S. government. Therefore, each of these issue areas has its own section in the report. In each section, the team provides a background, an analysis of key issues, and a list of policy recommendations. These proposals are informed by literature on USMCA, as well as interviews with a wide variety of experts. Following these six sections, the authors include a section entitled Public Face. This segment of the report suggests that, in order to foster public support for the USMCA, the three governments must educate their citizens about its benefits and its impact on everyday activities as well as keep them well informed on the USMCA’s implementation and progress. Public support for the agreement is essential to its long-term success. Done well, implementation and public outreach can serve as a model framework for other U.S. trade agreements. The report includes recommendations to promote public understanding of USMCA. The authors argue in their conclusion that the United States’ approach toward the USMCA should be undergirded by three overarching themes: increased transparency, robust implementation, and bona fide cooperation.

Urgent: We need better US-Mexico cooperation against cross-border crime

One of the most urgent challenges to U.S.-Mexico relations is reducing cross-border crime and the harm it is doing to Mexican and American communities. So states a report released this month, under the sponsorship of the U.S.-Mexico Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Mexico Institute by 13 former U.S. ambassadors to Mexico and Mexican ambassadors to the United States. Tens of thousands of Americans and Mexicans are dying or suffering from overdoses of drugs smuggled from Mexico into the

Public Diplomacy for the 2020s and Beyond : Investment in Social Media and Artificial Intelligence show the way.

I had the pleasure of advising six seniors at American University's School of International Service in the spring semester 2022 as they prepared a report for the PD Incubator Unit of the Office of Policy, Planning and Resources which reports to the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. This project was undertaken as part of the State Department's Diplomacy Lab program. The six student researchers, Nicholas Doheman, Dexter Hawes, Jenny Jecrois, William Manogue, Bailey Shuster and Jane Tilles, reviewed and analyzed a wide number of successful cases of digital marketing in the private and public sectors. The research team identified five valuable trends and practices in social media and artificial intelligence that they concluded can be applied by the U.S. State Department’s public diplomacy offices and officers to better reach desired audiences overseas. In the report, research team analyzes the successful use of humorous content, short form looping videos, Influencer marketing, giveaway marketing, and two forms of Artificial Intelligence (AI): natural language generation and social listening. The report includes suggestions and recommendations for how the State Department might adopt and deploy these successful digital marketing practices and tools. The research team presented their report virtually to the State Department on May 2, 2022.

Article: Ukraine Success Depends on Economic Cooperation

Currently, the West’s attention is rightly focused on Ukraine’s urgent military and humanitarian needs, including supporting the more than 4 million Ukrainian refugees and the nations sheltering them. The bipartisan commitment in the United States to provide Ukraine with $13.6 billion — plus an additional $1 billion in food, medicine, water and other supplies — is leading the international response. The United States and NATO member countries, which met in Brussels on Thursday, March 24, are pla

Report: Convocation 2.0 — U.S.-Mexico Relations - Recommendations from US and Mexican Ambassadors

The US-Mexico Foundation and the Mexico Institute of the Woodrow Wilson Center held an Ambassadors Retreat in Tequila, Jalisco from December 2 to 5, 2021. In this second retreat in which the former ambassadors of the United States in Mexico, and of Mexico In the United States were summoned to discuss the present and the future of the bilateral relationship, we were accompanied by 13 former Ambassadors, the 2 current Ambassadors, Business Leaders and University Representatives from both countries. Over the course of 4 days, the former Ambassadors discussed on the most important issues in the bilateral relationship, including: economy, workforce development, security, soft power and migration with the expectation that the ideas raised will strengthen the bilateral relationship. The main conclusions of the discussion will be published in an information document , with strategies for the binational relationship. The US-Mexico Foundation and the Wilson Center thank our sponsors for their generous support of this initiative.

Article: Trade Is the Key to Building Jobs

Recent reports from the Joe Biden administration and the private sector highlight the importance of trade for U.S. prosperity and jobs. They also point to North America’s role as a fulcrum for testing and achieving U.S. trade objectives and building wellbeing across the continent. To strongly support, U.S. – and North American – workers, farmers and businesses, however, regional cooperation should also be part of an energized effort to expand export markets around the world with a more vigorou

Article: Success on Ukraine requires forward-looking economic coordination

The West’s attention is rightly focused on Ukraine’s urgent military and humanitarian needs, including supporting the more than 3 million Ukrainian refugees and the nations sheltering them. The bipartisan commitment in the United States to provide Ukraine with $13.6 billion is leading the international response. U.S. and NATO member countries are planning future military support options, and healthy debate is underway about possible peace settlements and future regional security arrangements. However, on the humanitarian and economic side, there also is a serious need for key nations and international institutions to initiate forward thinking regarding urgent, longer-term financial contingencies ahead for Ukraine and other affected states.

Article: Far from a negative, trade is key to building American jobs

Recent reports from the Biden administration and the private sector highlight the importance of trade for U.S. prosperity and jobs. They also point to North America’s role as a foundation for testing and achieving U.S. trade objectives. On March 1, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) released the Biden administration’s 2022 Trade Policy Agenda and 2021 Annual Report to Congress and its 2022-26 strategic plan for trade policy. The USTR reports highlight key elements of the administrati
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2022 Interviews, Speeches, and similar items

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Eighth Annual Building a Competitive U.S.-Mexico Border Conference

This year's conference covered issues including supply chain disruptions and viable solutions, lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, water usage and conservation, and the regional economy's resiliency. This daylong conference featured panel discussions with U.S. and Mexican lawmakers, diplomats, and private sector representatives to spark a vibrant and productive dialogue that focused on improving border management to strengthen the U.S.-Mexico border region's competitiveness. I moderated panel 3 01:45pm – 02:45pm ET Panel 3 – Collaboration at the Federal Level Katherine Dueholm, Director for Mexican Affairs, U.S. Department of State Georgina Barquet, Head of Borders and Special Affairs, Embassy of Mexico in the United States Chris Andino, Director for Western Hemisphere Programs, Department of State's Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Earl Anthony Wayne, Public Policy Fellow, Wilson Center – Moderator Press "Age

Afghanistan:The al-Qaeda leader was killed, but the threat that accompanies the US is a thorny road to deterrenceアルカイダ指導者殺害したが…米につきまとう脅威 抑止へのいばら道:朝日新聞デジタル

米軍が撤退し、イスラム主義勢力タリバンが復権して1年となるアフガニスタンで、国際テロ組織アルカイダの指導者が殺害されました。米国としては米同時多発テロの「敵討ち」を果たした形ですが、多くの疑問が残っ…

VOA Pashto - د امریکا پخواني سفیر انتوني وین سره د ظواهري د وژل کیدو په اړه مرکه | Facebook | By VOA Pashto | په افغانستان کې د امریکا پخواني سفیر ارل انتوني وین امریکاغږ سره په مرکه کې ویلي چې د الظو

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Presenting Convocation 2.0 on US-Mexico relations to the Consejo Ejecutivo de Empresas Globales, A. C., a council of 50 global businesses working in Mexico

U.S.-Mexico Foundation @USMexicoFound El día de hoy tuvimos la oportunidad de presentar el Reporte de #Convocation 2.0 al @CEEG_Oficial, con la participación de los ex Embajadores @GERONIMO__GF y @EAnthonyWayne ¡Agradecemos el espacio y tiempo de todos los presentes! https://usmexicofoundation.org/convocationesp

U.S. Trade Complaint Against Mexico Puts López Obrador in a Corner

The U.S. challenge to Mexico’s nationalist energy policies creates a dilemma for President Andrés Manuel López Obrador —one that could either force him to retreat from his populist agenda or face retaliatory tariffs from Mexico’s biggest export market. AMLO's "challenge is that he signed up to an accord that says he can’t discriminate against the private sector to the advantage of state-owned enterprises and that investors have rights,” said Earl Anthony Wayne, a former U.S. ambassador to Mexico. The article points out that the costs of disregarding the commitments could be high.

USMCA at Two: What Comes Next?

The Wilson Center's Canada and Mexico Institutes held a discussion on what the priorities should be in the months ahead for implementing USMCA, and how that work fits into the broader frame of strengthening North American prosperity and competitiveness. Following introductory remarks by Congressman Kevin Brady, Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne lead a panel discussion with leaders in the business and trade community from the US, Canada and Mexico.

The Taliban really isn't interested in making changes in behavior to please others

The #Taliban really isn't interested in making any significant changes in order to get along with other countries outside of the region, they are focused internally, on their own internal unity. There is a process going on now where there is a real hesitancy to do things that would look like that some #Taliban might take as varying from their basic principles and we see this in specifically in the decisions about girls going to school and a number of the other decisions on #women and girls limiting their ability to travel their appearance in public and other things. #Afghanistan #LetGirlsLearn

Assessing AMLO's visit to Biden

July 15, 2022: Assessing AMLO's visit to Biden The Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies and the Mexico Institute held a webinar conversation, where a panel of experts analyzed the outcome of AMLO's visit to Washington, D.C. and its implications for the U.S.-Mexico relationship. Panelists: Mary Beth Sheridan, The Washington Post Cecilia Farfan, Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies Theresa Brown, Bipartisan Policy Center Earl Anthony Wayne, former U.S. Ambassador Moderators: Rafael Fernandez de Castro, Director, USMEX Andrew I. Rudman, Director, Mexico Institute Lila Abed, Deputy Director, Mexico Institute

A Conversation with Ambassador Ken Salazar

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s visit to Washington comes at a vital moment for the U.S.-Mexico bilateral relationship. Challenges and opportunities regarding migration, security, nearshoring, trade, energy and other important issues continue to be at the forefront of the bilateral agenda. On Wednesday, July 14th from 9:00am to 10:00am ET join us for a conversation with Ambassador Ken Salazar to discuss the state of the U.S.-Mexico relationship and the Biden Administration’s plan to further strengthen collaboration between both countries.

Hay limitantes en seguridad: Anthony Wayne previo a reunión AMLO-Biden

El ex embajador de Estados Unidos en México, Anthony Wayne, ve limitantes en la colaboración en materia de seguridad entre ambos países que afectan la operación de las agencias de inteligencia estadunidenses en México; no percibe resultados de la estrategia actual para reducir la violencia y recomienda hacer ajustes con los que, además, atraería inversiones. Previo al encuentro entre los presidentes Andrés Manuel López Obrador y Joe Biden en Washington D.C., Wayne recibe a MILENIO en su pequeña
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2021 Articles

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Article: By the numbers: The global economy in 2021 - $2.4 million per minute in US-Mexico-Canada trade.

A year ago, experts predicted the “Roaring ‘20s,” a decade in which a tamed pandemic would unleash a new era of global growth. As the year comes to a close, our GeoEconomics Center’s staff and senior fellows called out the numbers behind the headlines that best capture the shape of the global economy in 2021—and what to expect in 2022. The United States, Canada, and Mexico traded more than $2.4 million per minute on average during the first ten months of 2021. The United States’ two neighbors are its top two trading partners this year, followed by China. This trade supports up to 12 million jobs in the United States and millions more in Mexico and Canada. The three countries not only sell to each other, but they also co-produce many products, with high percentages of US content coming back to the United States in finished manufactured products bought from its two neighbors. These facts signal that the economic partnership in North America is very important for economic competition with China, in addition to its direct impact on prosperity in the UnitedStates, Mexico, and Canada. It is, thus, very welcome that the three countries are rolling up their sleeves to improve supply-chain resilience, cross-border infrastructure and processes, workforce development, cybersecurity coordination, and more ...

Article: A Nation on the Verge of Collapse

The United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the donor community have all been warning of the humanitarian catastrophe emerging with the imminent collapse of the Afghan economy. The withdrawal of U.S. and allied forces from the country, which led to the disintegration of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Taliban takeover, has been followed by the cutoff of most external assistance and the freezing of most of Afghanistan’s monetary reserves, thereby elim

Article: Afghanistan is about to collapse. Here’s what the US must do about it.

The United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the donor community have all been warning of the humanitarian catastrophe emerging with the imminent collapse of the Afghan economy. The withdrawal of US and allied forces from the country, which led to the disintegration of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Taliban takeover, has been followed by the cutoff of most external assistance and the freezing of most of Afghanistan’s monetary reserves, thereby eliminating

Article: Getting Down to the Business of Action (North America)

The summit constituted the first of its kind since 2016. Thei leaders of the United States, Canada and Mexico set an agenda that could power all three countries to rebound more effectively from the pandemic’s effects and unlock the important potential of better cooperation across the continent. Biden, Trudeau and López Obrador were positioned to greatly increase collaboration: 1) to support rebuilding from pandemic’s blows to the continent’s deeply integrated value chains and industries; 2) to

Article: La Cumbre de Líderes de Norteamérica, de regreso

La próxima reunión de líderes es una oportunidad importante para conectar, comunicar, establecer objetivos y planificar Los líderes de Estados Unidos, Canadá y México se reunirán el 18 de noviembre para una “Cumbre de Líderes de Norteamérica”, o NALS, por sus siglas en inglés. La agenda será grande e importante para esta primera reunión a tres bandas de los socios de Norteamérica desde 2016.

Article: Resuming North American leaders summits could accomplish much

David Jacobson was the U.S. ambassador to Canada from 2009 to 2013 and is vice-chair, BMO Financial Group. Earl Anthony Wayne was the U.S. ambassador to Mexico from 2011 to 2015 and is co-chair of the Wilson Center’s Mexico Institute Advisory Board and a Distinguished Diplomat in Residence at American University’s School of International Service. The leaders of the United States, Canada and Mexico will meet Nov. 18 for a North American Leaders’ Summit, or NALS. The agenda will be big and important.

Article: Washington’s Highest Western Hemisphere Priority

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico The most important bilateral relationship in Latin America for the United States is that with Mexico. Mexico is one of America’s top two trade partners and largest export markets. Economic ties support millions of jobs on both sides of the border. Mexico is an indispensable partner in improving management of migration across the southern border. Cooperation with Mexico is essential to getting a better handle on the deadly flows of drugs i

Article: Mexico - Highest U.S. Priority in the Western Hemisphere

The most important bilateral relationship in Latin America for the United States is that with Mexico. Mexico is one of America’s top two trade partners and largest export markets. Economic ties support millions of jobs on both sides of the border. Mexico is an indispensable partner in improving management of migration across the southern border. Cooperation with Mexico is essential to getting a better handle on the deadly flows of drugs into the U.S. from Mexico, as well as getting better contro

Article: Revised HLED Will Enhance Binational Cooperation

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico In a bid to revive economic relations and make Mexico and the United States more competitive with China, leaders of the two countries have launched a renewed cabinet-level High Level Economic Dialogue (HLED), dormant since 2017. To underscore that initiative, Vice President Kamala Harris headed a U.S. delegation consisting of the secretaries of state, commerce, Homeland Security, and the U.S. Trade Representative in a meeting at the White

Essay in E-Book Collection: Bringing Supply Chains Back to Mexico

I was happy to contribute an article to this collection. Introduction: In a bid to revive economic relations and make Mexico and the United States more competitive with China, leaders of the two countries have launched a renewed Cabinet-level High Level Economic Dialogue (HLED), dormant since 2017. To underscore that initiative, Vice President Kamala Harris headed a US delegation consisting of the Secretaries of State, Commerce, Homeland Security, and the US Trade Representative in a meeting at the White House with Mexico’s foreign and commerce ministers and others on September 9. If done well and accompanied by Mexican moves to improve the investment climate, the HLED process can encourage more nearshoring of manufacturing and other businesses to Mexico, contributing to more resilient supply chains. Binational working groups are working to identify objectives and actions with plans to report on progress by early November. The HLED is aimed at pursuing economic opportunities beyond the trade issues covered in the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which took effect in 2020. The USMCA calls for new consultative mechanisms on such issues as trade rules for auto production, respect for labor rights, and barriers to trade in agricultural products. As a complement to the new dialogue, the HLED can also help strengthen value chains and effective nearshoring in key sectors, generating “good” jobs on both sides of the border

Article: Bilateral Effort for a Common Good

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico The United States and Mexico took important steps toward better cooperation against cross-border crime and criminal networks on Oct. 8. Meeting in Mexico City, cabinet members from both countries approved a new framework to replace the Merida Initiative, which had served as the umbrella for bilateral public security cooperation since 2008. Now, teams from both countries aim to hammer out an agreed action agenda by year’s end and then forge

Article: Drugs, guns and money: US, Mexico step up cooperation against cross-border crime

The United States and Mexico took an important step toward restoring better cooperation against cross-border crime today with cabinet-level U.S.-Mexico high-level security dialogue and agreement to flesh out a new framework for cooperation in the months ahead. Secretary of State Antony Blinken Antony BlinkenSenate Democrat says hundreds of Americans, Afghan allies arrived in Qatar after being stranded in Afghan airport Blinken, new Japanese counterpart share concerns on North Korea Israeli forei

Essay/Article: What Will the U.S.- Mexico Economic Talks Accomplish?

Earl Anthony Wayne, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and co-chair of the Mexico Institute Advisory Board at the Wilson Center: “Mexican and U.S. ministers launched the renewed High-Level Economic Dialogue (HLED) with an agenda aimed at boosting supply chains, border management, jobs skills, stakeholder dialogue and helping reduce migration flows. Done well, this process can energize bilateral economic relations with more inclusive processes and concrete improvements. Progress reports from working groups are due in early November. This new HLED recognizes the value of sustained cooperation as demonstrated from 2013-2016 and of learning from the pandemic, which exposed weaknesses in cross-border supply chains. It also reflects agreement to address the root causes of migration. There are four pillars for HLED work. The first pillar, ‘building back together,’ includes steps to support the creation of more resilient supply chains and modernizing the U.S.-Mexico border. Semiconductor supply chains will get a first review, with electric vehicle, medical device and pharmaceutical supply chains as additional candidates. Importantly, work includes renewed attention to improving border crossing processes and infrastructure, as well as better dialogue with private and subfederal government stakeholders. The HLED’s second pillar, ‘promoting sustainable economic and social development in Southern Mexico and Central America,’ will entail the hard work of trying to identify the mix of programs to produce good results. The third pillar, ‘securing tools for future prosperity,’ can foster needed cooperation on cybersecurity and resilient information technology networks. The fourth pillar, ‘investing in our people,’ gives needed attention to workforce development, such as applying best practices for upskilling workers and can usefully target specific groups in need and small and medium enterprises (SMEs).”

Article: The Return of the HLED

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico A modified version of this article previously appeared in he U.S. congressional publication The Hill, and is being republished in Pulse News Mexico with express prior permission. Heed closely what Mexico and the United States agreed on earlier this month. On Thursday, Sept. 9, ministers from both governments held the first meeting of a new High-Level Economic Dialogue (HLED) aimed at pursuing economic opportunities beyond the trade issues

Article: The US and Mexico take steps to strengthen ties

Watch closely what Mexico and the United States agree on this week. On Thursday, Sept. 9, ministers from both governments will hold the first meeting of a new High-Level Economic Dialogue (HLED) aimed at pursuing economic opportunities beyond the trade issues covered in the new North America trade agreement — the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA — that took effect in mid-2020. In the USMCA framework, the governments already are overseeing bilateral trade and working through trade

Article: 5 Questions on Afghanistan: What Brought Us to This Point, and Where Do We Go Now?

The Taliban took Kabul, Afghanistan, far faster than US intelligence officials had anticipated; evacuations out of the country are enveloped in chaos; and on August 26, deadly attacks took place at the Kabul airport. How did we get to this point? Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne, SIS professor and distinguished diplomat in residence, served as coordinating director for development and economic affairs and deputy ambassador in Kabul from 2009 to 2011. In this Q&A, he describes how the Taliban was ab

Article: The Hard Lessons Learned from Afghanistan

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. deputy ambassador to Afghanistan Ending a war well requires an accurate assessment of the facts, careful weighing of the potential costs, and plans for achieving the desired outcomes and dealing with unexpected repercussions: There will be plenty of re-examination of the U.S. decision in April to give a September date certain for pulling out of Afghanistan, but events over the last few months make clear that the final U.S. decisions were based on a poor under

Article: Lessons, Credibility and Priorities for Afghanistan

There will be plenty of re-examination of the U.S. decision in April to give a September date certain for pulling out of Afghanistan, but events over the last few months make clear that the final U.S. decisions were based on a poor understanding of the damage already done to Afghan government morale, authority, and capacity by the U.S. negotiations with the Taliban, during the last two years of the Trump administration. The Taliban had used the last two years while negotiating with the United St
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2021 Interviews, Speeches, Presentations, Testimonies, etc.

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Interview VOA Pashto: Getting humanitarian Aid to the Afghan people and not yet recognizing the Taliban as legitimate; افغانستان کې د امریکا د پخواني سفیر ارل انتوني وین مرکه

تېره اونۍ د امریکا د خزانې وزارت افغانستان ته د مرستو لېږلو په اړه درې جوازونه ورکړل او ملګرو ملتونو پدغه اړه د امریکا لخوا د وړاندې شوي یو پریکړه لیک مسوده تصویب کړه. په افغانستان کې د امریکا پخوانی سفیر ارل انتوني وین وايي چې یاد پرمختګونه به د طالبانو سره د نړیوالې ټولنې غیر مستقیمې اړیکې رامېنځته کړي، خو امریکا او نړیوال لا هم د طالبانو د حکومت په رسمیت پېژاندلو څخه لري دي. د امریکاغږ پښتو یوټیوب چینل سره یوځای شئ او د ورځنیو مهمو خبرونو تر څنگ د افغانستان او نړۍ له گوټ گوټ څخه ځانگړي ویدیویي راپورونه وگورئ. د امریکا غږ پښتو ویبپاڼې، فیسبوک، ټویټر او انستگرام کې هم په لاندې لینکونو له مونږ سره مل شئ. Subscribe to VOA Pashto’s YouTube channel for daily news, feature reports, interviews and many more on Afghanistan and the world. You can also follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram with the following addresses. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/voapashto Twitter: https://twitter.com/VOAPashto Instagram: https://instagram.com/voa_pashto

Interview: As Humanitarian Disaster Looms, U.S. Opens Door for More Afghanistan Aid

Op-ed that I co-drafted cited in this article: Sacks of flour from a World Food Program convoy were unloaded in Afghanistan in October. The Treasury Department will make it easier for international organizations and the U.S. government to provide relief to Afghans while maintaining economic pressure on the Taliban. The Treasury Department and the United Nations offered new protection for aid from sanctions meant to pressure the Taliban.

Interview: With hunger, poverty growing in Afghanistan, Biden pressured to ease sanctions

“We don’t want to help the Taliban, but we don’t want to see Afghans starving in the winter either,” said Rep. Tom Malinowski (D-N.J.), who helped to spearhead the effort. “We want the millions of Afghans who are not going to leave the country, but who are trying to defend the gains of the last 20 years, to know that the United States is still behind them.” But a growing number of administration officials, particularly in the U.S. State Department, are pushing for more flexibility, with some ar

Interview: Lawmakers, former officials issue urgent appeals for Biden to help Afghanistan

House lawmakers are calling on the Biden administration to prioritize assistance to Afghanistan in the face of a crippling economic and humanitarian crisis facing the country. “No one benefits from a failed state in Afghanistan,” a bipartisan group of 39 lawmakers wrote on Thursday, in a letter to the State and Treasury departments, calling for the release of Afghan assets — which amount to an estimated $9.5 billion — that were frozen in the wake of the Taliban’s takeover of the country in Augu

Interview VOA Dari: Zheela Noori interview Earl Anthony Wayne replay on LinkedIn: #Afghans #humanitarian

Earl Anthony (Tony) Wayne says there should be action by the US and others to get money to #Afghans in need to meet the #humanitarian needs and recognizing that that means there needs to be channels where money can be sent in and in and distributed accurately. We need more leadership by US and others to encourage to go ahead and try these new methods. All the time preserving the sanctions on the Taliban that deserve to remain in place because of their previous behavior and their unwillingness to have a truly inclusive government.”

Interview VOA Dari: addressing the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan

ایرل انتونی واین، استاد پوهنتون امریکایی و دپلومات پیشین می‌گوید که امریکایی ها با مردم افغان احساس همدردی دارند و می‌خواهند از راه های متفاوت برای مردم نیازمند کمک کنند. این دپلومات پیشین امریکایی می‌گوید که برای رسیدگی به بحران بشری در افغانستان تلاش‌ها نه تنها باید افزایش یابد بلکه باید سرعت نیز گیرند. اما او می‌گوید که تا زمانیکه گروه طالبان تخطی های حقوق بشر را رفع نکرده و حکومت همه شمول تشکیل ندهند، تحریم ها علیه طالبان باقی می‌ماند. در کانال یوتیوب دری صدای امریکا خبرهای تازه، موثق، معتبر و جامع را دنبال کنید. ما را فیسبوک، تویتر و انستاگرام نیز دنبال کنید. https://www.instagram.com/voadari https://www.darivoa.com/ https://www.facebook.com/voadari/ https://twitter.com/VOADariAfghan

Interview: Biden’s electric vehicle plans spark outrage in Mexico and Canada

Biden’s electric vehicle plans spark outrage in Mexico and Canada US trading partners insist that EV incentives breach terms of USMCA pact Aime Williams and Christine Murray Joe Biden will meet the leaders of Mexico and Canada this week as his plans to encourage Americans to buy electric cars made in the US have sparked furious opposition from two of America’s biggest trading partners. The so-called three amigos summit, to be held at the White House, will take place for the first time since 2016, and comes as senior officials in Mexico City and Ottawa have complained that Biden’s plans to kickstart EV manufacturing in the US break international trade rules. The opposition of some of the US’s closest allies to a flagship climate policy poses a political and diplomatic dilemma for Biden. The president has pledged to both lower tensions with trading partners following the tumultuous tenure of Donald Trump, and to use industrial policy to boost green industries like electric car manufacturing. Although not yet passed into law, Biden’s broader $1.75tn legislative package contains proposals to offer a tax credit of $7,500 for electric vehicles made only in the US from 2026. Another $4,500 of tax credits are available for purchasing electric cars made with union labour. On Friday, Mélanie Joly, Canada’s foreign minister, said she had raised the issue in a meeting with Antony Blinken, US secretary of state. Mary Ng, Canada’s trade minister, has previously written to the Democratic and Republican leaders and to Katherine Tai, US trade representative, and Gina Raimondo, US commerce secretary, to convey Ottawa’s “very serious concerns” about the EV credits. Ng’s office said that Washington’s proposed measures were “inconsistent” both with its obligations under USMCA, the updated North American trade deal struck between the three countries under Donald Trump, and with the rules of the World Trade Organization. Tatiana Clouthier, Mexico’s economy minister, has sent her own letters to US legislators to ask that the proposals be altered to be brought in line with USMCA. “It’s contradictory,” Clouthier said. “They would set off more [migration] with this kind of measure.” Tai refused to be drawn this week on whether the US proposals contravened the USMCA trade agreement that she helped broker as the Democrats’ chief trade counsel in the House of Representatives. “I’m aware of concerns that our trading partners have raised, and we care about these concerns,” she said. Edward Alden, senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, said the growing dispute between the three nations was “a big deal”. “Everybody is moving at warp speed towards electric vehicles, and auto companies are now deciding where to locate their electric vehicle factories,” Alden said. “This tax credit gives pretty strong incentives to locate final assembly in the United States so, not surprisingly, the Canadians and Mexicans are deeply worried about it.” At present, the North American motor industry supply chain is scattered across all three countries. According to a recent report by the Congressional Research Service, some car parts cross the US, Mexican and Canadian borders “seven or eight times” before they are assembled into the final vehicle. The US imports $29.4bn of car parts from Mexico and exports $5.9bn of parts to Canada, while exporting $11.7bn of completed vehicles to Canada and $67.5bn to Mexico. The CRS says that vehicle parts exported to Canada and Mexico often return to the US to be incorporated into the finished vehicles. “It’s important to remember that the auto industry is the most quintessential North American, USMCA or Nafta industry,” said Tony Wayne, a former US ambassador to Mexico, referring to USMCA’s predecessor trade deal. “It’s more integrated than any other industry.” Canada has suggested that US threats to rupture the motor industry’s integration at this time might backfire on the US. Ng’s letter reminded US officials that Canada was “the only country” in the western hemisphere to have stores of all of the critical minerals needed to build an electric vehicle battery, and that Canada was therefore “necessary for the United States to achieve its electric vehicle objectives in the future”. Mexico’s lower labour costs have long attracted carmakers, but sector leaders are already worried that it may not be able to attract a renewed investment boom in the shift to EVs. ...

Roundtable Panel: U.S.-Mexico Automotive Forum

Event Recap: A Vision For A Stronger U.S.-Mexico Partnership: Emerging Opportunities In The Automotive Industry Virtual Roundtable On Nov. 5, 2021, the William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan and the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, in collaboration with the U.S.-Mexico Foundation (USMF), hosted a virtual roundtable to discuss further integration within the auto industry in the U.S. and Mexico. The event brought together accomplished diplomats, industry leaders and analysts to share their perspectives on trends and opportunities for players in both countries. For decades, the U.S.-Mexico automotive supply chain has been deeply unified, collectively manufacturing around 20 percent of the world’s passenger cars and commercial vehicles. At the same time, the automotive sector is undergoing a profound transformation, fueled by technological innovations, sustainability efforts and supply chain concerns. During the virtual roundtable, two interrelated, consecutive panel discussions focused on these shifts and how both sides of the border can leverage them in the context of an enhanced U.S.–Mexico partnership. Panel 1, “U.S.-Mexico Automotive Supply Chain Resilience: Trends and Opportunities,” put a spotlight on emerging opportunities for co-production and manufacturing of products, services and technologies, which have the potential to catalyze further economic growth in the U.S. and Mexico. It was moderated by Francine LaFontaine, Interim Dean of the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, and the panel consisted of: Gerónimo Gutiérrez, former Mexican Ambassador to the U.S. Earl Anthony Wayne, former U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Sarah Cartmell, Manager of Global Government Relations, Ford Motor Company Oscar Dominguez, President of Lear Mexico Operations
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2020 Articles

Fulfilling North America's Promise

Key Policy Recommendations • Establish cooperative work agendas addressing key economic and security issues. • Re-organize structures to take full advantage of the opportunities from North American cooperation, as well as to resolve problems. • Reinitiate the North American Leaders' Summits, preferably once a year, but at least every two years. • Make supply chains more resilient and less dependent on distant suppliers. • Re-create and improve bilateral mechanisms to deal with homeland security and economic issues outside of USMCA. • Establish a multi-layered approach to North America that effectively incorporates the many stakeholders in North America's success. • In the short-term, agendas should include COVID-19 management and recovery; strengthening supply chains; implementing USMCA; revisiting border security; bolstering law enforcement coordination; and rethinking migration management and aid to Central America. • The medium- and longer-term agendas should include creating a shared vision and structures that enhance mutual prosperity and security, and a focus on issues such as climate change, “green” energy futures, workforce development, the deployment of new technologies, and more cooperative approaches to cybersecurity.

The High Stakes of the US-Mexico Relationship - Pulse News Mexico

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Mexico and the United States cannot escape the need to collaborate. The big test is how well the governments can work together with the arrival of President Joe Biden. The action agenda is urgent: handling migration from Central America, deepening anti-crime coordination, managing the pandemic and recovery, and implementing the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), including Mexico’s treatment of energy investments and protection

Biden’s Trade Policy Needs Commercial Diplomacy

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE and SHAUN DONNELLY, both former U.S. ambassadors The new Joe Biden administration has a great opportunity to rebuild the United States’ international competitiveness and policy effectiveness in ways to assure that the domestic and international policy agendas reinforce each other. This approach can build prosperity at home and simultaneously establish markets, opportunities and partnerships internationally. The appointments of Jake Sullivan as national security adviser an

US-Mexico Relations

Earl Anthony Wayne, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and co-chair of the Mexico Institute Advisory Board at the Wilson Center: “Mexico and the United States cannot escape the need to collaborate. The big test is how well the governments can work together with the arrival of President Joe Biden. The action agenda is urgent: handling migration from Central America, deepening anti-crime coordination, managing the pandemic and recovery, and implementing the USMCA trade agreement including Mexico’s treatment of energy investments and protection of labor rights. The opportunities are also great: building on the USMCA to boost both economies, enhancing homeland security and reinforcing trust undermined in recent years. President Biden arrives with the deepest understanding of Mexico of any U.S. president. His strong predilection is to reinforce cooperation. Until recently, however, President López Obrador (AMLO) was not welcoming. He also placed a serious legal wrench in Mexico-U.S. anti-crime cooperation. One can debate why AMLO adopted this stance, but the challenge is whether the leaders and their teams can rebuild enough trust to find and implement solutions. The stakes are immense. Legal trade is about $1 million per minute. That represents about 80 percent of Mexico’s imports. That trade supports almost five million U.S. jobs. Illicit drug trade fuels tens of thousands of deaths in each country via drug overdoses and criminal violence. A new surge of Central American migrants would spark a crisis for the Biden administration. U.S. companies and unions are worried about Mexico’s implementation of the USMCA. Much work remains to deal with the pandemic’s effects. The neighbors should quickly establish the dialogue and processes to manage these challenges well.”

Biden Team Must Forge Early Security Strategy

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico U.S. President-elect Joe Biden’s emerging national security team has impressive credentials, reflecting his own deep experience. This will be a big advantage, given the need to “build back better” with the world as well as at home. The tasks include rebuilding institutions battered over the past four years, including the State Department, the intelligence community, and law enforcement and justice agencies. The daunting international agen

Biden's trade policy needs effective commercial diplomacy

The incoming Biden administration has a great opportunity to rebuild America’s international competitiveness and policy effectiveness in ways to assure that the domestic and international policy agendas reinforce each other. This approach can build prosperity at home and simultaneously establish markets, opportunities and partnerships internationally. The appointments of Jake Sullivan Jake SullivanBiden formally appoints NSA's Anne Neuberger to key national security position How should Biden re

The Way Forward in Afghanistan

Among the most pressing issues on U.S. President-elect Joe Biden’s to-do list on foreign policy is the war in Afghanistan, which offers only hard choices. But despite the blunders of U.S. President Donald Trump, Afghanistan may actually now have a chance to achieve some form of political settlement and significantly reduced violence. To pursue a path toward sustainable peace in Afghanistan, Biden’s team must walk a fine line. On the one hand, they must make it clear that peace does not mean sim

The way forward in Afghanistan: How Biden can achieve sustainable peace and US security

Among the most pressing issues on the US president-elect’s to-do list on foreign policy is the war in Afghanistan, which offers only hard choices. But despite the blunders of President Donald Trump, Afghanistan may actually now have a chance to achieve some form of political settlement and significantly reduced violence. To pursue a path toward sustainable peace in Afghanistan, Joe Biden’s team must walk a fine line. On the one hand, they must make it clear that peace does not mean simply handi

A Better Way Forward for Mexico

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico Mexico’s Congress passed legislation on Dec.15 that restricts the work of foreign government employees in a way that could greatly inhibit U.S.-Mexico cooperation against powerful cross-border criminal organizations, which are moving drugs northward to the United States and arms and illicit proceeds to Mexico. Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) signed the law and it took effect on Dec. 19. Before this grows into a very d

Biden's team must forge an early national security strategy — and better processes

President-elect Biden’s emerging national security team has impressive credentials, reflecting his own deep experience. This will be a big advantage, given the need to “build back better” with the world as well as at home. The tasks include rebuilding institutions battered over the past four years, including the State Department, the intelligence community, and law enforcement and justice agencies. The daunting international agenda makes it imperative that the president and his advisers draw on

Imaging Peace in Afghanistan

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, career diplomat, ambassador and senior advisor with the Project on Prosperity and Development at theCenter for Strategic and International Studies The following report was first published by the U.S. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and is being republished in an abbreviated format in Pulse News Mexico with explicit prior permission. This report identifies best practices among reconciliation programs used in conflicts around the world that may help p

A better way forward than Mexico's new anti-crime legislation

Mexico’s Congress passed legislation on Dec.15 that restricts the work of foreign government employees in a way that could greatly inhibit U.S.-Mexico cooperation against powerful cross-border criminal organizations, which are moving drugs northward to the U.S. and arms and illicit proceeds to Mexico. President López Obrador signed the law and it took effect on Dec. 19. Before this grows into a very damaging bilateral problem, the two governments urgently need to engage to address the serious a

Imagine Peace: Connecting Global Solutions on Reconciliation with an Afghanistan Ready for Peace

Imagine Peace: Connecting Global Solutions on Reconciliation with an Afghanistan Ready for Peace • This report identifies best practices among reconciliation programs used in conflicts around the world that may help promote reconciliation in Afghanistan, should progress toward peace advance. A team of American University undergraduate researchers at the School of International Service worked under the guidance of former ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne to examine scores of programs in over 30 count

High Profile Tests for Mexican Justice, Bilateral Cooperation

By EARL ANTHONY WAYNE, former U.S. ambassador to Mexico Mexico’s law enforcement and justice system is now in the spotlight over U.S.-Mexico cross-border crime. Mexico’ public security and justice systems currently face a series of “stress tests”: handling charges against two former Mexican secretaries for aiding criminal groups trafficking drugs to the United States; the still-ongoing investigation of the November 2018 murders of U.S. citizen women and children in Sonora by members of criminal ...

Are Mexico and the U.S. Putting Politics Above the Law?

“The U.S. arrest and release to Mexico of retired Mexican Defense Secretary Salvador Cienfuegos on charges of supporting a drug-smuggling group has set up a high-profile test for Mexico’s justice system. Many questions swirl around the general’s arrest, release and future treatment in Mexico, especially the chances for a credible Mexican prosecution. Mexico’s handling of General Cienfuegos’ case will have a significant impact on U.S.-Mexican cooperation against deadly cross-border organized crime. Most important to watch for the long term will be how the management of the case strengthens or weakens bilateral collaboration against drug-trafficking groups that cause tens of thousands of deaths in the United States and Mexico. We must keep the real costs of trafficking in focus. Mexico’s foreign minister and president have spoken positively about Mexico’s ability to carry out a serious investigation of Cienfuegos. Other experts are skeptical, given the poor record of Mexico’s justice system on cases involving high-profile individuals. In this case, electronic evidence collected by U.S. authorities without a Mexican judge’s approval may not be admissible in Mexican courts. If the case falters, a bright spotlight will shine on still-existing flaws in Mexico’s judicial system. A poorly handled case will further erode confidence among U.S. law enforcement officials in their Mexican partners and will erode confidence among honest Mexican officials in their system. To bolster trust, the two governments must build new mechanisms to help prevent corruption of officials from either country, as part of work to strengthen and expand effective cooperation against cross-border trafficking.” by me and other experts on the arrest and release to Mexico of retired General Salvador Cienfuegos related to charges of supporting a drug trafficking group.

El caso Cienfuegos: la gran prueba para el sistema judicial de México

La captura y liberación del exsecretario de la Defensa Nacional, Salvador Cienfuegos es una gran prueba para el sistema de justicia mexicano. Pero también subraya los desafíos a una relación bilateral más profunda y efectiva para la cooperación contra el narcotráfico. El caso Cienfuegos está drenando la confianza en ambos lados de la frontera. Como secretario de la Defensa, entre 2012 y 2014, Cienfuegos supervisó la cooperación militar cercana entre México y Estados Unidos. Sin embargo, las aut

Biden Will Boost Regional Ties

A Joe Biden administration can be expected to put U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada relations back into a strategic framework for solving problems and strengthening long-term cooperation. This would include pursuing a more consistent approach to Mexico and Canada, less driven by individual issues and tradeoffs and more concerned with achieving progress across a range of key issues, stretching from trade to public security to economic competitiveness to the environment.
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2020 - Interviews, Speeches, Talks, Presentations, Testimonies, Media mentions, etc.

SIS Students Worked and Shared Findings with the State Department

The Diplomacy Lab SIS Capstone centers on a research project deemed important for the US State Department. It is a unique opportunity for SIS students to work with State Department officials, career diplomats, ambassadors, and people who are currently working in the Foreign Service. Launched in 2013, the Diplomacy Lab aims to address two key priorities: first, to engage the American people in the work of diplomacy, and second, to broaden the State Department’s research base.

U.S. Evidence Against Mexican Ex-Defense Minister Raises Conviction Doubts

Explosive U.S. drug-trafficking allegations against Mexico’s former defense minister rely largely on circumstantial evidence, diminishing the chances that the Mexican government could bring a case against him to trial or could convict him in a Mexican court if it did, according to people in both countries familiar with the case. American agents arrested Gen. Salvador Cienfuegos in October as he arrived in Los Angeles for a family vacation, accusing him of taking bribes in exchange for protectin

1 big thing: When Joe meets AMLO

Biden (then VP) and López Obrador (then a presidential candidate) in Mexico City in 2012. Photo: Uri Cortez/AFP via Getty Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador is off to an awkward start with President-elect Biden. Along with Russia’s Vladimir Putin and Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, he's one of the very few world leaders still declining to recognize Biden’s victory. Why it matters: López Obrador’s stance may soon be forgotten, but it could foreshadow tensions in a relationship that will be

Migrant Caravans Could Be Early Test For Biden

Biden will need Mexico to continue to help prevent such a surge in the short term, said Earl Anthony Wayne, who served as U.S. ambassador to Mexico under President Barack Obama. Wayne said the United States also will need to partner with other countries on medium- and long-term solutions to improve conditions in Central America and the treatment of migrants in Mexico and the United States. “Biden will not have an easy set of choices, but I think he will try to thread the needle between a more humanitarian approach and a need to avoid getting overwhelmed,” said Wayne, who teaches at American University. “What he can do is try to forge a more effective partnership with Mexico to see the common value of dealing with this in an orderly way, and not letting it get out of hand.”

Ex-national security officials warn of risks in Biden transition delay

Several former Trump administration national security and diplomatic officials also signed on, including former U.S. ambassador to Iraq Doug Silliman; former NSC senior director for counterterrorism Javed Ali; former DHS assistant secretary of counterterrorism Elizabeth Neumann; former DHS deputy assistant secretary for counterterrorism policy Tom Warrick; and former U.S. ambassador to the U.K. Lewis Lukens. I was happy to join in this effort.

Del muro al espinoso caso Cienfuegos: radiografía de lo que viene en la relación México - EEUU por el exembajador Anthony Wayne

En las últimas semanas el tema que ha mantenido los reflectores del mundo entero es, sin duda, la elección presidencial en Estados Unidos. Y uno de los países más interesados –sino es que el principal– en el resultado de esos comicios . Y no es para menos. México no solo es el vecino del sur de Estados Unidos. Su vínculo también incluye una fuerte relación en temas humanitarios, como la migración; económicos, como el nuevo tratado comercial (T-MEC); de seguridad, como la cooperación en temas de

México, Estados Unidos y la promesa migratoria que jamás llegó

Quoted in the following article: Un análisis de las políticas migratorias de Estados Unidos, y qué significaría una reelección de Trump o el triunfo de Biden para las relaciones con México. Cuando comenzó su apuesta por la presidencia en 2015, la narrativa antinmigrante, como sus críticos la denuncian, se convirtió en el centro de la campaña de Donald Trump. Él prometió frente a audiencias entusiasmadas construir un muro en la frontera y sostuvo que México “no envía a su mejor” gente al territorio estadounidense ...

Sixth North American Process Symposium: Economic Coordination and Adaptation

The School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary, the School of Global Studies at Universidad Anáhuac México, and the Watts College of Public Service and Community Solutions at Arizona State University, in association with The Wilson Center in Washington D.C., were proud to host the Sixth Annual North American Process Symposium: Economic Coordination and Adaptation. In an era of a global pandemic, regional trade uncertainty, tensions with China, devastated supply chains, and increased d

Exembajadores de México y Estados Unidos aportan recomendaciones para mejorar relación entre ambos países

Exembajadores de México y Estados Unidos presentaron una serie de recomendaciones para fortalecer y potencializar la relación bilateral entre ambos países, en materia de seguridad, migración y agua. Ello en el marco de una reunión virtual con la Comisión de Relaciones Exteriores América del Norte. John Dimitri Negroponte, ex embajador de Washington en México, reconoció que la agenda de seguridad, siempre ha sido un tema delicado para los dos países, sobre todo, en lo referente al tráfico de dro

National Security Leaders for Biden

We are former public servants who have devoted our careers, and in many cases risked our lives, for the United States. We are generals, admirals, senior noncommissioned officers, ambassadors, and senior civilian national security leaders. We are Republicans, Democrats, and Independents. We love our country. Unfortunately, we also fear for it. The COVID-19 pandemic has proven America needs principled, wise, and responsible leadership. America needs a President who understands, as President Harry
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2019 Articles

USMCA: Approval and Economic Boost in Sight

A big push is under way to achieve approval in the U.S. House of Representatives for the newly amended United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the new NAFTA, before the end of the year. The deadline goal appears to be congressional action by Dec. 20, at the latest. Supporters of USMCA are working hard to complete the procedures needed for action by in the U.S. House of Representatives and to secure as many votes as possible there for the agreement, so the USMCA heads to the U.S. Senate w

North America 2.0: A Workforce Development Agenda

A new report examining the need for the United States, Mexico and Canada to collaborate on workforce development in order to better meet the massive challenges of new technologies transforming work and workplaces over the next few years. governments, the private sector, educational institutions need to find and implement new models of skills training and preparing for the changes brought by new technology or face serious social, political and economic disruptions.

USMCA: So near, or just too far?

A big push is under way to achieve U.S. approval for the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the new NAFTA, but important gaps remain between the parties. The most recent deadline goal appears to be congressional action by Dec. 20, at the latest. Missing that deadline could delay approval until 2021 and leave the continent’s economies under a cloud of uncertainty. Approving the USMCA could bring a needed economic boost to the millions of jobs supported by commerce with America’s two largest t

A Fresh Approach to Peace in Afghanistan

An effective peace process is possible and desirable in Afghanistan. Success, however, will require a careful, step-by-step course to test bona fides, build confidence, reduce violence and encourage the difficult negotiations in which Afghans themselves determine the political future of Afghanistan. U.S. Special Representative Zalmay Khalilzad has been working to re-engage the peace process in visits to the region, in meetings with international players, and in fostering last month’s detainee s

Apprenticeship and Other Work-Based Learning Programs in North America

The apprenticeship movement is reshaping skills, policies, and programs in the United States at a critical moment in our country’s history. I was happy to be leader author in the first article in this reader. The collection offers a chorus of voices emanating from different countries and populations, echoing commitment to bright, sustainable workforce futures through a well-crafted approach to this talent development model. The collected chapters and vignettes address questions for businesses of all sizes, community-based organizations, and schools looking for a way

A fresh approach to peace in Afghanistan

An effective peace process is possible and desirable in Afghanistan. Success, however, will require a careful, step-by-step course to test bona fides, build confidence, reduce violence and encourage the difficult negotiations in which Afghans themselves determine the political future of Afghanistan. U.S. Special Representative Zalmay Khalilzad has been working to re-engage the peace process in visits to the region, in meetings with international players, and in fostering the just completed deta

More Effective US-Mexico Cooperation Is Urgently Needed

An abbreviated version of the following article first appeared in Fox News Opinion and is being republished in Pulse News Mexico with specific prior permission. The horrific Nov. 4 killing of U.S. citizen women and children in Sonora, Mexico, should prompt closer and more effective U.S.-Mexico cooperation against the cross-border organized crime that is seriously endangering citizens of both countries. These transnational criminal groups are undermining the sovereignty of both countries daily.

Democrats’ Clash with Trump Must Not Imperil USMCA Passage

It is increasingly urgent that the United States achieve stability and predictability with its two largest trading partners. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) warns of a “synchronized global slowdown” powered significantly by trade tensions, and the Institute of International Finance flags 20-year highs in global trade and economic uncertainty. “Getting to Yes” on the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) this year would diminish these threats in North America. Mexico and Canada ar

Democrats' clashes with Trump must not imperil trade with Mexico and Canada

It is increasingly urgent that the United States achieve stability and predictability with its two largest trading partners. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) warns of a “synchronized global slowdown” powered significantly by trade tensions, and the Institute of International Finance flags 20-year highs in global trade and economic uncertainty. “Getting to Yes” on the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) this year would diminish these threats in North America. Mexico and Canada ar

Afghanistan: Where Do We Go from Here?

The following article first appeared in the U.S. political website “The Hill” and is being republished in Pulse News Mexico with specific prior permission. It is in the strong interest of Afghanistan, its neighbors, its international partners and especially, the United States, that the Afghanistan peace process not be abandoned, despite U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaring the U.S.-Taliban talks “dead.” No party can win a military victory any time soon in current circumstances, and Afghans

Mexico Seeking Stronger Ties with US

Because of the current U.S. trade dispute with China, Mexico has become United States’ Number 1 trade partner. Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Relations (SRE) Marcelo Ebrard met in Washington, D.C. with U.S. officials on Tuesday, Sept. 10, in an effort to put U.S.-Mexico cooperation on firmer footing, and especially to overcome U.S. threats tied to migration and move ahead with the new United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement (USMCA). Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) has b

Mexico, the leading US trade partner, seeks to fortify relations

Because of the U.S. trade dispute with China, Mexico has become America’s No. 1 trading partner. Mexico’s foreign minister is scheduled to be in Washington for meetings Tuesday, in an effort to put U.S.-Mexico cooperation on firmer footing, especially to overcome U.S. threats tied to migration and to move ahead with the new U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement (USMCA). Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, known as “AMLO,” has been laboring to bring about what he views as a historic transformation in Mexico ...

US-Taliban Negotiations: How to Avoid a Rush to Failure

We strongly support a negotiated peace in Afghanistan, a limited force drawdown as part of getting peace negotiations going, and the substantial force drawdown later that peace would allow. Equally strongly, we believe that U.S. security and values, including support for women, require that a full troop withdrawal can come only after a real peace. How our troop presence is managed will have a critical influence on the chances for successful peace negotiations, the future of the fight against th

US-Taliban Negotiations: How to Avoid Rushing to Failure

This is a collaborative product of former US diplomatic officials who have worked on Afghanistan. We strongly support a negotiated peace in Afghanistan, a limited force drawdown as part of getting peace negotiations going, and the substantial force drawdown later that peace would allow. Equally strongly, we believe that US security and values, including support for women, require that a full troop withdrawal come only after a real peace. How our troop presence is managed will have a critical

Border Security and Counter-Narcotics

(The following article first appeared in the Woodrow Wilson Center’s web site and is being republished in Pulse News Mexico with specific prior permission. Cross-border criminal activity fueled by illegal drugs is causing great damage in both Mexico and the United States. The two governments need to prioritize forging an agreed strategy and action agenda to tackle this serious problem. They should establish a permanent cabinet-level group to oversee bilateral counter-narcotics and cross-border

Is Peace Actually on the Horizon in Afghanistan?

The momentum for peace in Afghanistan is growing. The progress over the last year is far more than many “Afghan hands” have imagined. At present, U.S.-Taliban talks are apparently making progress on addressing U.S. counterterrorism concerns and on U.S. military withdrawal plans and timetables. Though the Taliban have so far refused to negotiate with the Afghan government, a well-publicized informal meeting in Doha, Qatar, between Taliban members and representatives from Kabul — including women

Is Peace Actually on the Horizon in Afghanistan?

Is Peace Actually on the Horizon in Afghanistan? The momentum for peace in Afghanistan is growing. The progress over the last year is far more than many “Afghan hands” imagined. At present, U.S.-Taliban talks are apparently making progress on addressing U.S. counterterrorism concerns and on U.S. military withdrawal plans and timetables. Though the Taliban have so far refused to negotiate with the Afghan government, a well-publicized informal meeting in Doha, Qatar between Taliban members and r
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2019 - Interviews, Talks, Speeches, Presentations

Amazon.com: El Tercer Pais: San Diego & Tijuana Two Countries, Two Cities, One Community eBook: Malone, Michael S.: Kindle Store

The product of scores of interviews with citizens of San Diego and Tijuana – from everyday working folks to the leading figures – this is the first book ever to look at the two-hundred-year history of the two cities and chart how their relationship has evolved from conflict to interdependence to cooperation. El Tercer Pais combines hard-nosed journalism with insiders’ perspectives to create a celebratory look at how the two cities have gone beyond decades of distrust and wariness to become the m

AMLO’s first year: Mexico’s political, economic, and security trends

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) assumed office in December 2018, promising to bring a fourth revolution to Mexico and to reduce Mexico’s inequality, corruption, and violent crime. Yet a year into his administration, homicides and violent criminality in Mexico have not diminished. While the new government has undertaken new security initiatives and adopted new anti-crime priorities, the brazenness of organized crime has increased. Despite anti-corruption efforts, the country’

Trump's Plan to Label Mexican Drug Cartels as Terrorists Could Backfire in a Big Way

This article originally appeared on VICE US. Within a matter of two months, the Jalisco New Generation Cartel brazenly killed 13 Mexican police officers; the Sinaloa cartel took an entire city hostage after the arrest of one of its leaders; and nine U.S.-citizen women and children were massacred in northern Mexico. Soon after, President Donald Trump proposed a solution: designate the cartels as terrorist organizations. The idea of designating Mexican cartels as terrorist organizations may not

Argentina's elections and its divided Congress with Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne

(Part two of a two-part interview) Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne joins American Ambassadors Live! Podcast host Ambassador G. Philip Hughes for a discussion surrounding Argentina's recent election results, it's divided Congress, and it's economic standing. Ambassador Wayne served as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and Argentina. This podcast was recorded on November 8, 2019.

Cartel violence, AMLO and USMCA with Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne (Part One)

(Part one of a two-part interview)Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne joins American Ambassadors Live! Podcast host Ambassador G. Philip Hughes in a discussion surrounding recent episodes of cartel violence in Mexico, the USMCA deal, and the development of U.S.-Mexico relations and policy from President Felipe Calderon to Mexico's current president, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO). Ambassador Wayne served as U.S. Ambassador to both Mexico and Argentina.

A Conversation with Afghanistan First Lady Rula Ghani

An armchair discussion with the First Lady of Afghanistan Rula Ghani. The conversation will focus on the progress of women and their role in the peace process in Afghanistan. Women have made great economic and social strides in the past 15 years. More than 3.6 million girls are in school and women are now allowed to work, both of which are essential to peace and stability in Afghanistan. However, the work is not over.
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2018 Articles

US, Mexico defy expectations by cooperating on immigration

Mexico and the United States are defying expectations by identifying ways to cooperate on the contentious issues surrounding migration. Since Mexico’s new president, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), took office on Dec. 1, U.S. and Mexican officials have hammered out a dual-track approach to tackling the flow and management of migrants heading northward from Central America to Mexico and the United States. One track is a cooperative multi-year strategy designed to help keep potential migrant

Narcos: Transnational Cartels and Border Security

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. Cooperation between Mexico and the United States regarding transnational crime is vital for the wellbeing of both countries. Both societies pay a high price for the illegal traffic in drugs, money, guns and people that cross our common border. The effective and efficient operation of the border itself is vital for the $1 million a minute of commerce between the

The Time to Build Lasting Bonds Between the US and Mexico is Now

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. The moment is ripe for the United States to double down on efforts to build a stronger relationship with Mexico for the longer term. Serious short-term problems need to be managed in a way that solidifies cooperation for the years ahead. On Saturday, Dec. 1, Mexico’s new president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), took office for a six-year term. He also no

The time to build lasting bonds between US and Mexico is now

The moment is ripe for the United States to double down on efforts to build a stronger relationship with Mexico for the longer term. Serious short-term problems need to be managed in a way that solidifies cooperation for the years ahead. On Saturday, Mexico’s new President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), takes office for six years. He will also control both chambers of Mexico’s Congress. AMLO wants to focus on the “transformation” of Mexico, and major domestic reforms are the top priorities

Afghanistan: Praiseworthy Economic Reforms, But Path to Peace Offers the Big Dividend

International donors will convene in Geneva in late November to discuss the social and economic progress made in Afghanistan since the Brussels Donor Conference in 2016. The economic advances made by the Afghan government give donors reasons to be pleased about the results from their pledge to provide $15 billion in assistance through 2020, conditional on the government making progress on the reform program agreed upon in Brussels. In Geneva, donors should praise the reforms made while making cl

US Spotlight Fixed Squarely on AMLO as He Prepares to Take Reins in Mexico

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. On Dec. 1, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) will be sworn in as Mexico’s president. AMLO’s presidency will have important ramifications for the United States. Through trade, travel, heritage and history, U.S.-Mexico relations touch the daily lives of more American citizens than ties with any other country. The two countries trade over $1 million a minute, ha

Afghanistan Is Making Economic Progress but Needs Peace

International donors will have some good news when they gather to review Afghanistan’s economic progress on November 27–28 in Geneva. While peace prospects , Taliban attacks , and Afghanistan’s unsettled politics will be on everyone’s mind, donors can applaud positive reviews of Afghan performance from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as welcome steps. Afghanistan’s partners should still make clear, however, that continued aid depends on continued reform. Donor governmen

US spotlight fixed squarely on AMLO as he takes reins in Mexico

On Dec. 1, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) will be sworn in as Mexico’s president. AMLO’s presidency will have important ramifications for the United States. Through trade, travel, heritage and history, U.S.-Mexico relations touch the daily lives of more American citizens than ties with any other country. The two countries trade over $1 million a minute, have over $100 billion in mutual investment and share a million border crossings a day. AMLO promises a historic “transformation,” with wi

Central American Caravan Crisis Is a Chance to Forge a Better US Immigration Policy

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. U.S. President Donald Trump’s demands for neighboring governments to stop the most recent migrant caravan heading to the United States from Central America highlight the pressing need for a regionwide strategy to deal with migration flows. With the current caravan, the government of Mexico is caught between the forceful U.S. requests for action and portions of

Caravan 'crisis' a chance to forge better immigration policy

President Trump Donald John TrumpTrump to fundraise for 3 Republicans running for open seats: report Trump to nominate former Monsanto exec to top Interior position White House aides hadn’t heard of Trump's new tax cut: report MORE’s demands for neighboring governments to stop the most recent migrant caravan heading to the U.S. from Central America highlight the pressing need for a region-wide strategy to deal with migration flows. With the current caravan, the government of Mexico is caught be

If Approved, the New NAFTA Will End the Tyranny of Uncertainty

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. The new U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a welcome step. If approved by each country’s legislature, the agreement will dissolve the uncertainty that has hovered over North America’s commercial and production networks for the last two years. A new rules-based agreement can be a major plus for the $1.2 trillion continental market. It is very important no

Special Envoys, ‘Silos’ and Coherent International Policy

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently appointed four special envoys to help him manage high priority portfolios regarding Iran, Afghanistan, Syria, and North Korea. His actions are understandable and can yield valuable results, if implemented well. The nomination and confirmation process for senior State Department positions in Washington and overseas has been terribly slow

New NAFTA will end the tyranny of uncertainty if approved

The new U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a welcome step. If approved by each country’s legislature, the agreement will dissolve the uncertainty that has hovered over North America’s commercial and production networks for the last two years. A new rules-based agreement can be a major plus for the 1.2 trillion dollar continental market. It is very important now, however, to have good assessments of the potential results that will flow from the agreement. While President Trump lauds the po

Special Envoys, “Silos” and Coherent International Policy

Secretary of State Pompeo recently appointed four special envoys to help him manage high priority portfolios regarding Iran, Afghanistan, Syria, and North Korea. His actions are understandable and can yield valuable results, if implemented well.  The nomination and confirmation process for senior State Department positions in Washington and overseas has been terribly slow, yet the world has not slowed.

9 Million Reasons for the US to Get a Trade Deal Done with Canada

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. As U.S. and Canadian officials resumed trade negotiations in Washington earlier this month, it is vital to realize that the United States gains massively from its economic relationship with Canada. Ending the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and moving ahead with only a new U.S.-Mexico trade agreement, as the White House has threatened to do, would damage the Unit

Argentina Deserves US, IMF Support along Rough Road to Recovery

Former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Argentina, and public policy fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. Argentina faces a new economic storm in the midst of extraordinary efforts to restructure its economy and to move against ingrained corruption. Argentina itself must take and implement the hard decisions to succeed on both fronts, but it deserves strong support from its international partners, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United States

9 million reasons to get a trade deal done with Canada

As U.S. and Canadian officials resume trade negotiations in Washington, it is vital to realize that the United States gains massively from its economic relationship with Canada. Ending the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and moving ahead with only a new U.S.-Mexico trade agreement, as the White House has threatened, would damage the U.S. and Canada. Compared to what is at stake for the United States, the remaining U.S.-Canada trade differences are small and resolvable.

Argentina deserves US, IMF support on rough road to recovery

Argentina faces a new economic storm in the midst of extraordinary efforts to restructure its economy and to move against ingrained corruption. Argentina itself must take and implement the hard decisions to succeed on both fronts, but it deserves strong support from its international partners, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United States and the investment community, as it strives to achieve these laudable goals.

US-Mexico deal means very little without Canada

The “preliminary agreement in principle” between Mexico and the United States is an important step forward in the effort to agree on a modernized trade agreement in North America. It is important to recognize, however, that the bilateral U.S.-Mexico agreement is not a good substitute for a trilateral agreement that brings in Canada, America’s largest trading partner. Much work lies ahead to agree upon a new North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that will significantly benefit the United

Trump's New Trade Agreement: What's In It?

On August 27, US President Donald J. Trump and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced an initial agreement on a new bilateral trade relationship . The negotiations were initially intended to be a start for wider conversations on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), including the third treaty partner, Canada. During the announcement, however, Trump implied that he may choose to negotiate bilaterally with Canada instead of reviving the tripartite agreement.
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2018 Interviews, Speeches and Presentations

December 2018: Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne | Season 2018 Episode 12 | Suncoast Business Forum

Our trade agreement with Mexico and Canada, America's biggest trading partners, was just torn up and rewritten. Tariffs on imports from China and other countries are in affect and could go higher. Is the New World Order changing? And if so, where does the U.S. fit in? Former U.S. Ambassador Earl Anthony Wayne will be our special guest to give an inside perspective on America's role. Ran 15 times, from December 2018 through March 2019.

Between Free Trade and 'America First': Analyzing the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement

After a two-year period of uncertainty on the future of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the United States Mexico and Canada reached a new deal on the U.S. self-imposed deadline of September 30. The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is now pending approval from each country’s legislature. If approved, what potential results will come from the agreement? The Wilson Center’s Canada and Mexico Institutes hosted a discussion on the beginning of a new era in North America’s trade

A Modernized NAFTA

The new trade agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico “modernizes” the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and lifts a cloud of uncertainty that has lingered over the past several months, according to Earl Anthony Wayne, a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Global Business and Economics Program.In negotiations that went down to the wire, Canada agreed on September 30 to join the United States and Mexico in a revised version of NAFTA.

Telephone Briefing "The U.S.-Mexico Trade Deal: Is This the End of NAFTA?"

Yesterday, after more than a year of negotiations, the United States and Mexico announced a trade deal that resolves several contested bilateral issues. However, this tentative deal does not include Canada, which will join in negotiations this week. The deal has implications for jobs, manufacturing, and competitiveness across the continent. What does it mean for North American trade? What is the likelihood that the three countries will reach a trilateral trade agreement? What impact will this have on U.S.-Mexico relations? Senior Wilson Center experts discussed the implications of the U.S.-Mexico trade deal and what the next steps entail in this telephone briefing.
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2017 Artices

It's in America's National Interest to Stay in NAFTA

President Trump’s new national security strategy stresses the importance of promoting America’s prosperity and security. It highlights rivalry and competition with China and Russia and underscores the importance of strengthening international alliances where partners shoulder their responsibilities. Our North American neighbors, Mexico and Canada, should be priority partners under President Donald Trump’s new strategy for enhancing U.S. security and prosperity. Both are willing and effective pa

Avoid an American “Brexit” with NAFTA

The United States, Mexico, and Canada are in the midst of renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into force in 1994. Millions of jobs, massive cross-border production networks, and broader cooperation on fighting transnational crime are at stake. Today, trade among the three countries has grown almost four times, supporting up to 14 million U.S. jobs and generating $1.3 trillion of commerce each year. The security, political, and economic costs and consequence

Beyond Trade: The Costs and Consequences of Exiting NAFTA

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a free trade agreement signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States in 1993 and came into force on January 1st, 1994.  After more than 23 years of successful economic cooperation, supporting 14 million U.S. jobs and generating $1.2 trillion of commerce each year, the trade agreement is now being renegotiated and faces very tough challenges as the U.S. administration is pursuing major changes, not just a modernization.

Ditching NAFTA not in America's best interests

Texas has the most to lose of any U.S. state if NAFTA talks go wrong. It has a great deal to gain if the talks to modernize NAFTA go well. Now that the negotiations have slowed over controversial U.S. proposals, Texans and their elected federal and state representatives should be making very clear to the Trump administration team overseeing the NAFTA negotiations that they should do no harm to the massive Texas-Mexico trade relationship, and rather focus on creating new opportunities. The contr

Ditching NAFTA not in America's best interests

Texas has the most to lose of any U.S. state if NAFTA talks go wrong. It has a great deal to gain if the talks to modernize NAFTA go well. Now that the negotiations have slowed over controversial U.S. proposals, Texans and their elected federal and state representatives should be making very clear to the Trump administration team overseeing the NAFTA negotiations that they should do no harm to the massive Texas-Mexico trade relationship, and rather focus on creating new opportunities.

The New Afghanistan Policy Is Set. The Question Is How to Implement It.

The focus now should be on the implementation of the new U.S. strategy for Afghanistan and the region. Commentators debate the pros and cons of the approach, but it is now U.S. policy. It requires careful coordination and integration of the tools of American power—military, diplomatic, economic and development—to move toward its objective: a negotiated Afghan political settlement. The policy’s specifics must now be defined and executed.

North America’s Agenda for 2017 and Beyond

Continental supply chains that link Canada, the United States and Mexico mean that much of what is produced in each country has content from its neighbors. For example, a CRV SUV built in Jalisco, Mexico, has inputs of 70% from the United States and Canada. To establish these supply and production chains, private firms in all three countries have invested in their neighbors: U.S. companies have invested about 386 billion dollars in Canada and 108 billion dollars in Mexico.

Many of Trump's NAFTA goals aren't new — they're from the TPP

The United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced a set of U.S. trade objectives for a modernized North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on Monday. The objectives seem to offer a bit to everyone, trade skeptics and trade advocates alike. To do so, they use strong yet vague rhetoric on protectionists’ priorities, like the trade deficit, while promising to maintain and expand market access for U.S. farmers, manufacturers and the broader business community.

The US and Mexico: Education and Mutual Understanding

Last week, officials from the U.S. and Mexico revitalized their commitment to fight cross-border smuggling of drugs, arms and money. U.S. officials recognized America’s demand for drugs as “the magnet” that feeds drug smuggling, and Mexico committed to tackle jointly the elements of the cartels’ business model. While illegal immigration and drugs dominate much of the public discourse around U.S.-Mexico relations, the partnership between these countries is vital and dynamic in many other ways.
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2017 Interviews, Speeches and Presentations

Beyond Trade: The Costs and Consequences of Exiting NAFTA

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a free trade agreement signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States in 1993 and came into force on January 1st, 1994.  After more than 23 years of successful economic cooperation, supporting 14 million U.S. jobs and generating $1.2 trillion of commerce each year, the trade agreement is now being renegotiated and faces very tough challenges as the U.S. administration is pursuing major changes, not just a modernization.

Private Sector Engagement in Afghanistan

Private sector development in Afghanistan is a crucial topic for U.S engagement in the region. Between 2002 and 2010, about 57 billion US dollars of official development assistance (ODA) was disbursed to Afghanistan for purposes of reconstruction and development. Less than five percent of the ODA has gone towards private sector development in Afghanistan, with most of the money allocated to infrastructure, agriculture and rural development, and governance.

Tackling North America’s Workforce Challenges, NASCO Conference, Dallas, Texas

As North America strengthens its global competitive advantage in advanced manufacturing and logistics, we are facing significant and growing labor market shortfalls. We share a common challenge, and also a common opportunity, to “up-skill” and grow our next generation of front-line manufacturing and logistics workers by streamlining and harmonizing our approach to standards and training, and to bring maximum value to workforce credentials.

Presentation to the U.S.-Mexico Border Mayors Association – Binational Summit, San Diego, CA

NAFTA 2.0 is a big opportunity for San Diego and the entire U.S.-Mexico border region. From the perspective of the cities and states along the U.S.-Mexico border there are two big objectives: first, do no harm to the massive trade, production and investment networks that support over a million U.S. jobs in the border states; and second, assure that NAFTA 2.0 creates new opportunities for economic growth, more fluid commercial border flows, and steps that will make cross-border production more competitive internationally.

Discussion Focuses on the Future of Afghanistan at SAIS Johns Hopkins University

Analysts and former ambassadors talked about possible U.S. policy and strategy toward Afghanistan in the upcoming Trump administration. They assessed the current situation in the region, and laid out what they thought were key priorities for the incoming administration to pursue in order to achieve further security, stability and autonomy for Afghanistan’s government and people. Analysts and former ambassadors talked about possible U.S. policy and strategy toward Afghanistan in the upcoming Tru

2016 Articles

Shaping the New National Security Council

Many around the world and across the United States are watching with rapt attention reports about President-elect Trump’s potential national security team. His choices will be vital in shaping America’s international role for the years ahead. After forty years as U.S. diplomat, having worked through presidential transitions, I am watching from the outside, teaching about foreign policy decision-making at Hamilton College this semester.

Why the Brussels Donor Conference Should Recommit to Afghanistan

This week, the European Union and the Afghan government will co-host the third in a series of conferences in Brussels that will convene Afghanistan’s partners to discuss future foreign assistance commitments. At the 2012 Conference in Tokyo seventy international donors promised to mobilize $16 billion for Afghanistan in total foreign assistance over the subsequent four years, with the United States expected to cover about half of the amount.

The business community is the driving force behind North America’s economic strength

On June 29, President Obama, Prime Minister Trudeau, and President Peña Nieto will meet in Ottawa for a North American Leaders Summit (NALS). While often ignored or criticized, America’s relations with Canada and Mexico touch the daily lives of more U.S. citizens than any other relationships in the world.  Positive, productive relations among neighbors will help generate the well-being and economic growth our citizens seek.

North America Must Compete Globally

Contrary to campaign rhetoric, the integration of North America over the past quarter century has successfully grown the continental economy and enabled it to compete in global markets. And, in North America this has been done without the centralized institutions that UK voters just rejected. The June 29 North American Leaders' Summit in Ottawa offers an opportunity to launch even smarter collaboration across Canada, Mexico, and the United States that respects the sovereignty of each partner.

North America Must Compete Globally

Contrary to campaign rhetoric, the integration of North America over the past quarter century has successfully grown the continental economy and enabled it to compete in global markets. And, in North America this has been done without the centralized institutions that UK voters just rejected. The June 29 North American Leaders’ Summit in Ottawa offers an opportunity to launch even smarter collaboration across Canada, Mexico, and the United States that respects the sovereignty of each partner.

Three Amigos, five important results for Trudeau, Obama and Peña Nieto

Michael Kergin is a former Canadian ambassador to the U.S.; Earl Anthony Wayne is a former U.S. ambassador to Mexico and Arturo Sarukhan is former Mexican ambassador to the U.S. This week's North American Leaders' Summit (NALS) in Ottawa is the first time Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, President Barack Obama and President Enrique Peña Nieto will discuss issues affecting the continent together.

North American Leaders Must Not Surrender to Nativism

Relations among North America’s three big neighbors are much more important to their citizens’ self-interest than the great majority of those citizens realize. The U.S. media’s focus on Mexico is too often negative, while Canada frequently gets neglected. The political campaign season in the United States has magnified negative statements about North American ties by candidates building on stereotypes and false premises.

Toward A Cleaner And Leaner Energy Future For North America

Energy and Environment will be key topics when the leaders of North America gather for a Summit in Canada on June 29.  Because of a closer orientation among the three governments, the leaders of Canada, Mexico and the United States have a real opportunity to think about cooperation across our continent in a new way.  President Obama, Prime Minister Trudeau and President Peña Nieto can enunciate a shared strategic vision of energy security and environmental protection.
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2011-2015 Op-Eds and other items published while Wayne served as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico

Juntos Contra la Trata de Personas

Durante mis 40 años como diplomático he tenido el privilegio de descubrir tanto los mejores como los peores aspectos de países alrededor del mundo, incluido el mío. Uno de los temas más difíciles que he trabajado en múltiples naciones ha sido el aumento de la trata de personas. En mis casi cuatro años como embajador en México me he percatado agudamente de cómo el tráfico de personas es una plaga en este país y en nuestra región, América del Norte, como un todo.

Trabajar en innovación es la nueva fase de las relaciones de México y EU

El embajador de Estados Unidos en México señala que hay que ir más allá de los intercambios comerciales y de inversión. Anthony Wayne, representante en México del gobierno de Estados Unidos, anunciará esta semana la firma de un Memorándum de Entendimiento entre las dos naciones con objeto de establecer programas de intercambio de pasantías para que mexicanos puedan acudir por algunas semanas a Estados Unidos y viceversa...

Una prensa libre, vital para la democracia

El sábado 3 de mayo celebramos el Día Mundial de la Libertad de Prensa, una ocasión para que los países conmemoren los principios fundamentales de este derecho, evalúen su estado a escala mundial, defiendan a los medios de los ataques contra su independencia y rindan tributo a los periodistas que han perdido sus vidas en la línea del deber. http://www.milenio.com/opinion/anthony-wayne/columna-anthony-wayne/una-prensa-libre-vital-para-la-democracia

Contra la trata, primero identificar a las víctimas

La trata de personas debe preocupar a cada individuo, porque es la degradación de nuestra humanidad común. Debe preocupar a cada comunidad porque desgarra el tejido social. Debe preocupar a cada empresa porque distorsiona los mercados. Debe preocupar a cada nación porque pone en peligro la salud pública y alimenta la violencia y el crimen organizado. Estoy hablando de la injusticia, de la brutalidad de la trata de personas, a la que debe llamarse por su verdadero nombre: esclavitud moderna .

El Universal - Opinion - Celebrando los avances en derechos humanos

El Día Internacional de los Derechos Humanos, que celebramos cada 10 de diciembre, conmemora la adopción de la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos por la Asamblea General de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas en 1948. Al adoptar la declaración, Estados Unidos, México y gobiernos alrededor del mundo reconocieron que los seres humanos son, por virtud de su nacimiento, investidos con ciertos derechos inalienables, y que éstos sirven como “fundamentos de la libertad, la justicia y la paz alrededor del mundo".

Día Mundial de Lucha contra el Sida

Alrededor del mundo, la atención de la gente se ha volcado sobre México por la toma de posesión de otro presidente libremente electo, Enrique Peña Nieto. Pero cada año, el 1º de diciembre también conmemoramos el Día Mundial de la Lucha contra el Sida (síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida), y reflexionamos sobre las vidas perdidas a causa de este padecimiento. Es una oportunidad de rendir tributo a los 34 millones de personas que viven con VIH (virus de inmunodeficiencia humana) en todo el mundo. Hoy celebramos las vidas que se han salvado y que han mejorado, y volvemos a comprometernos con la lucha contra el Sida...

Combatir la esclavitud moderna: la trata de personas

El 22 de septiembre de 1862, el presidente Abraham Lincoln anunció la Proclamación de Emancipación, que liberó a casi cuatro millones de hombres, mujeres y niños de las cadenas de la esclavitud y comprometió a Estados Unidos a terminar con este delito en toda la nación. Al conmemorar el 150 aniversario de este gran paso en la promoción de derechos humanos en Estados Unidos; países alrededor del mundo, incluyendo Estados Unidos, continúan marcados por servidumbre involuntaria y llevan el yugo de los mitos que la apoyan. Para erradicar esta moderna aflicción a la sociedad debemos de reconocer estos mitos y reemplazarlos con la verdad...
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1996-2009 Articles, interviews and other public references.

During his time in the U.S. Foreign Service, Earl Anthony Wayne published a number of articles and spoke at a number of conferences and seminars as well as testifying before the U.S. Congress. 

Transatlantic Cooperation: New Strategies for New Issues

Burros, William, and University of Pittsburgh. Center for West European Studies. Global Security Beyond 2000: Global Population Growth, Environmental Degradation, Migration, And Transnational Organized Crime : November 2-3, 1995, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA : Conference Report. Pittsburgh, PA: Center for West European Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 1996.

1987-1989 Articles published in The Christian Science Monitor

Mr. Wayne was the National Security Correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor based in Washington, D.C. from summer of 1987 through summer of 1989.  This is a listing of the articles he authored.

1977-78 Articles on China

While working on Chinese Affairs at the Department of State, Wayne published two scholarly articles.

Spring, 1978  "The Politics of Re-staffing China's Provinces: 1976-77," Contemporary China. Volume II Number 1

April, 1977    "China and the Third World," Contemporary China. Volume 1 Number 7